Bougainville The Mine Jane''s Oceania

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Will Bougainville Reopen the Panguna Mine? – The Diplomat

22-11-2019· The Panguna mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville is one of the largest copper and gold deposits in the world. The mine was also at the center of a …

Bougainville Civil War - Wikipedia

The Bougainville Civil War, also known as the Bougainville conflict, was a multi-layered armed conflict fought from 1988 to 1998 in the North Solomons Province of Papua New Guinea (PNG) between PNG and the secessionist forces of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), and between the BRA and other armed groups on Bougainville. The conflict was described by Bougainvillean President John ...

Bougainville: Inside the world's newest country

Bougainville and its dreamy coterie of coral atolls in the Solomon Sea, ... the touchstone for the most calamitous war in Oceania since Japan’s Second World War occupation. ... It was a mine.

Australia, China, and Bougainville’s Choices – The Diplomat

21-12-2019· Oceania Australia, China, and Bougainville’s Choices. ... a visa to visit Australia to meet with Andrew “Twiggy” Forest to discuss his company’s interest in the Panguna Mine in Bougainville.

Bougainville’s Faustian Bargain – The Diplomat

27-11-2019· Notably, both the government of Papua New Guinea and the government of Bougainville each hold a substantial (36.4 percent) ownership interest in the mine, which was transferred to them in …

Bougainville - GlobalSecurity.org

Speculation about the future of the Panguna copper mine in Papua New Guinea’s autonomous region of Bougainville, which ignited a decade long civil war in the 1990s, peaked when an application ...

Bougainville - The Mine

BOUGAINVILLE . The Mine The gold fever that gripped the mainland New Guinea in the 1920s and 1930s spread to Bougainville as well, where small quantities of gold and traces of copper were discovered in the mountains behind Kieta. Beginning in ...

Bougainville Votes for Independence From Papua New …

14-12-2019· The mine was a huge export earner for Papua New Guinea, but many in Bougainville felt they received no benefit and resented the pollution and disruption of their traditional way of living. The ...

A new Pacific nation? Bougainville votes for independence ...

Bougainville is a region located east of the Papua New Guinea mainland although it is geographically part of the Solomon Islands in Oceania. Civil war erupted in Bougainville in 1988 over the social and environmental impact of the Panguna mine operated by an Australian company on the island.

Bougainville Prepares for Presidential Election – The Diplomat

01-07-2020· Oceania Bougainville ... killed up to 20,000 people also remain sensitive and will require deft handling alongside any attempt to reopen the mine. The Bougainville presidential election ...

Bougainville - GlobalSecurity.org

Speculation about the future of the Panguna copper mine in Papua New Guinea’s autonomous region of Bougainville, which ignited a decade long civil war in the 1990s, peaked when an application ...

Papua New Guinea – CounterVortex

Rio Tinto accused of rights violations in Bougainville. Mining giant Rio Tinto is responsible for multiple human rights violations caused by pollution from its former mine on the Pacific island of Bougainville, the Human Rights Law Centreconcludes in a new investigative report. For 45 years, the Panguna copper and gold mine on Bougainville, Papua New Guinea, was majority-owned by the British ...

Bougainville Island | island, Papua New Guinea | Britannica

14-08-2020· Bougainville Island, easternmost island of Papua New Guinea, in the Solomon Sea, southwestern Pacific.With Buka Island and several island groups, it forms the autonomous region of Bougainville. Geographically, Bougainville is the largest of the Solomon Islands, located near the northern end of that chain.Bougainville is 75 miles (120 km) long and 40–60 miles (65–95 km) wide.

Bougainville - World War II - Our Pacific Ocean

The shock waves produced by World War II convulsed Bougainville at the time. At war's end the principal agents of colonialism - Australian Administration, Christian missions, and white-owned plantation and commercial firms-returned to re-establish their respective controls over indigenous affairs, but neither they nor the islanders were to remain as before.

Bougainville Copper Ltd plans to restart Panguna Mine ...

BOUGAINVILLE Copper Ltd (BCL) carried out a new redevelopment study last year to identify a viable, phased re-start and expansion strategy for the Panguna mine in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville.

Oceania | Land Portal

The mine was also at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea Defense Force in the 1990s. The conflict cost as many as 15,000 lives and displaced 40,000 of the island’s 200,000 inhabitants.

Bougainville - Politics

Buin - Located in Bougainville’s Southern District, Buin is accessible from Arawa via two roads (one following the Eastern coast or one passing by the Panguna Mine).

Will Bougainville Reopen the Panguna Mine? - Pacific ...

Bougainville President Dr. John Momis, however, has accused RTG of attempting to bribe his government and of waging a subversive propaganda campaign. Another landowner group, the Panguna Development Company, supports the mine’s former operator, BCL, in its bid to return to Panguna — pitting the two groups against one another.

Bougainville Lessons for Rio Tinto | SpringerLink

In 1988 Francis Ona resigned his job at the mine and formed the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), and Sam Kauona, Ona’s right-hand man, broke into the mine’s magazine, stole dynamite and blew up electricity pylons, and shot at and wounded Australians, leading to a closure of the mine in 1990.

Bougainvilleans - Minority Rights Group

The Anglo-Australian mining conglomerate Rio Tinto was long the majority-owner until it divested its stake in 2016 of the company Bougainville Copper Ltd. (BCL) that managed the mine. Rio Tinto claims that it holds no responsibility for cleaning up the tailings and water contamination, despite its longstanding role, because BCL was abiding by local requirements at the time of operation.

Bougainville Copper Ltd plans to restart Panguna Mine ...

BOUGAINVILLE Copper Ltd (BCL) carried out a new redevelopment study last year to identify a viable, phased re-start and expansion strategy for the Panguna mine in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville.

Bougainville and its Independence in the Confrontation ...

06-03-2020· Oceania is a region with a relatively small land area, ... RNS was not afraid to set sail on its own. The Panguna mine on Bougainville Island, one of the world’s largest copper deposits, began production in 1972, shortly before the RNS declared independence, and the …

Where Is Bougainville, And Could It Be The World's …

Bougainville is famed for being the home of some of the world's largest copper deposits. After the mine was discovered in the 1970s, many workers came from abroad to profit from mining activities. This caused a disturbance in the local population, who did not perceive to receive any benefit from the mine …

Fifo 2020: "Ophir", with the struggling people of …

The two thirty-year-olds now live in Europe, but they have spent time in Oceania and do not hesitate to make a personal commitment. " In 2013, I was at a conference in Australia where the government of the autonomous region of Bougainville joined forces with Australian advisers to explain that the people of the island wanted the reopening of the Panguna mine, recalls Olivier Pollet .

Bougainville - Politics

Buin - Located in Bougainville’s Southern District, Buin is accessible from Arawa via two roads (one following the Eastern coast or one passing by the Panguna Mine).

China has big stake in Bougainville independence - Asia …

Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) soldiers overlook the Paguna mine in a file photo. Photo: Facebook There is little support for a resumption of the civil war, but dissidents in the Bougainville Revolutionary Army who sparked the 1989 uprising over the operation of the Australian-owned Panguna copper mine have said they will only be satisfied with full independence.

Oceania | Land Portal

The mine was also at the center of a decade-long civil war fought between the Bougainville Revolutionary Army and the Papua New Guinea Defense Force in the 1990s. The conflict cost as many as 15,000 lives and displaced 40,000 of the island’s 200,000 inhabitants.

Bougainvilleans - Minority Rights Group

The Anglo-Australian mining conglomerate Rio Tinto was long the majority-owner until it divested its stake in 2016 of the company Bougainville Copper Ltd. (BCL) that managed the mine. Rio Tinto claims that it holds no responsibility for cleaning up the tailings and water contamination, despite its longstanding role, because BCL was abiding by local requirements at the time of operation.

Plans to restart giant Bougainville mine stall as ...

Plans to reopen one of the world's biggest copper mines, shut by a civil war on the Pacific Island of Bougainville in 1989, have run into trouble.

Military history of Oceania - Wikipedia

Although the military history of Oceania probably goes back thousands of years to the first human settlement in the region, little is known about war in Oceania until the arrival of Europeans. The introduction of firearms transformed conflict in the region; in some cases helping to unify regions and in others sparking large-scale tribal and civil wars.